Publication date: 23 Sep, 2021
The report, found differences in the ways the Mental Health Act is applied when people from ethnic minorities are detained for mental health care and treatment compared to white Scottish people, particularly between black women and white Scottish women*.
Half of the 32 people with lived experience of mental health difficulties who provided views were refugees. They wanted greater awareness in primary care of the impact of the asylum system on mental health. People described the impact of micro-aggressions on their mental health. Many praised third sector organisations for building vital bridges between communities and services.
The report found a real need and desire for training for staff on ethnicity and diversity, with over 70% of staff surveyed saying there were gaps in training available in Scotland’s NHS.
The report found a need for better recording and reporting of information on ethnicity, including by the Mental Welfare Commission itself.
Dr Arun Chopra, medical director, Mental Welfare Commission for Scotland, said:
“The murder of George Floyd in the United States in 2020 and the subsequent resurgence of the Black Lives Matter movement focused attention on how people from minoritised ethnic backgrounds continue to be discriminated against across the world. The Covid-19 pandemic has also focused attention on health inequalities and particularly on racial disparities in health outcomes.
“With those two global events as drivers, we wanted to explore how well Scotland’s mental health sector performs in relation to racial equality.
“We spoke to people from diverse ethnic backgrounds including refugees in Scotland and heard that Scotland’s mental health and social services must work much more closely with the third sector organisations many people find instrumental in supporting them with access to mainstream services”.
“We found that almost a third of our professional survey respondents reported that they had seen or experienced racism directed at their NHS colleagues.
“Time and again we found that information on ethnicity had not been recorded and reported. Poor quality data might seem simply a bureaucratic issue, but it is more than that – without gathering accurate information we cannot hope to properly understand whether or not policies are being delivered for people or understand the extent of the disparities in health outcomes and interventions”.
This report makes 30 recommendations across the public sector, including health boards and Scottish Government.
Dr Chopra added:
“The span of recommendations in this report reflects that delivering a service that is truly fair for all will require a collective effort across civil society. We are not there yet.
“I hope this report leads to a series of actions within mental health services and is the start of a much wider discussion. We know that Scotland’s mental health services are under enormous pressure but we need them to never lose sight of the importance of serving all of our communities”.
*Under the Mental Health Act, ‘risk to oneself and/or to others’ is one of the criteria that must be met for authorising involuntary treatment. The report found that more people who were black or of mixed or multiple ethnicity were perceived as a greater risk to themselves and others, whereas all categories of white people were more often perceived as a risk only to themselves. Gender exerts a role on risk perception. The greatest difference was between black women, 48.4% of whom were perceived as of risk to themselves and others, and white Scottish women, of whom 33.8% were considered to be both a risk to themselves and to others.