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Acquired brain injury and ARBD

Our brains play an important role in our behaviour, feelings, and understanding of the world.

If the brain becomes damaged, people may experience the same symptoms as people with mental illness, dementia, or learning disability. As a result, they are often subject to the same laws, such as the Mental Health Act and the Adults with Incapacity Act.

Acquired Brain Injury

Acquired brain injury can occur as a result of a trauma, such as an accident, or after certain illnesses, such as a brain tumour or a stroke.

For more information on the effects of acquired brain injury and options for rehabilitation and support, visit the Headway website.

Alcohol-Related Brain Damage (ARBD)

Harmful use of alcohol and dependence on alcohol are common. These are not "mental disorders" under the law in Scotland and do not come directly within our remit. But some people suffer brain damage from harmful alcohol use. 

Damage can have several causes, including direct damage from alcohol, vitamin deficiency, and head trauma. These can affect memory, judgement, and behaviour. Over a long period of time, heavy drinkers may develop various types of brain damage.

To find out more about the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of ARBD, visit the Alzheimer Society's website.