Autism is a lifelong developmental disability
that affects how a person communicates with, and relates to, other
people. It also affects how they make sense of the world around
It is a spectrum condition, which means that, while all people
with autism share certain difficulties, their condition will affect
them in different ways. Some people with autism are able to live
relatively independent lives but others may have
accompanying learning disabilities and need
a lifetime of specialist support. People with autism may also
experience over- or under-sensitivity to sounds, touch,
tastes, smells, light or colours.
Asperger syndrome is a form of autism.
People with Asperger syndrome are often of average or above average
intelligence. They have fewer problems with speech but may still
have difficulties with understanding and processing language.
Thank you to National Autistic Society Scotland for this
definition, copyright 2012. You can find out more about autism
and asperger syndrome at their website.